Palm kernel fruit fiber reinforced gypsum-cement based wall panels: It’s physical and mechanical characteristics

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Building Department, Federal Polytechnic, Idah, Kogi State, Nigeria

2 Building Department, Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Uyo, AkwaIbom State, Nigeria



Agricultural waste fibers have been found to be suitable as reinforcement in cement-based composites, but studies on oil palm fiber as reinforcement in gypsum-cement wall panels are scarce. A mixture of two equal weights of gypsum and cement, with water-binder ratios of 0.45 and 0.55 were prepared. In each mix a varying percentage of fiber contents of 2%, 3% and 4% by weight of the binders were added. The properties of the wall panels were determined from cast specimen sizes of 100x 100 x 40 mm for density, moisture content and water absorption; 160 x 40 x 40mm for compressive strength, and 650 x 100 x 25 mm for bending strength. The specimens were cured in water and tested at ages of 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. The results of density of the wall panels were within the range of 1634–1742 kg/m3, while the moisture content range of 3.30–8.45%, and the water absorption varies from 5 to 12%. The compressive strengths were found within the range of 1.92–5.20N/mm2 and, generally, decreases with the increasing percentage of fiber contents, but increased with curing age. The bending strength falls within the range of 2.04–4.13 N/mm2that increases with curing age and slightly increased with fiber content. It is concluded that oil palm fiber reinforced gypsum-cement wall panels are suitable as wall element.


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