Studies on removal of Zinc and Chromium from aqueous solutions using water Hyacinth

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Trivandrum-695016

2 Environmental Engineer, Kerala State Pollution Control Board, Pattom, Trivandrum



Phytoremediation is an eco-friendly method for removal of pollutants, which can be relied upon as a sustainable technology, if implemented under optimum conditions of plant growth. The effectiveness of water hyacinth, a topical weed, for the removal of Zinc (Zn) and Chromium (Cr) ions from aqueous solutions has been presented in this article. The potential of this plant in removing metals by phytoremediation was explored under various environmental factors such as pH, salinity, metal concentrations, available nutrients, and so on. The efficiency of metal removal was observed by varying the different parameters. It was found that the maximum removal of metals occurred at a neutral pH, low amount of salinity, lower metal ion concentrations, and lack of nutrients. The stress induced in a plant by metal absorption was visible from the health and growth pattern of the plants. The stress on water hyacinth due to metals was also assessed, by observing the changes in its chlorophyll and protein content.


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