Adsorption of arsenic on soil under different soil moisture conditions

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan

2 Department of Agricultural Chemistry, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh



The adsorption study was conducted on three Japanese soils with different soil properties to characterize the adsorption pattern of Arsenic (As). Double tube method was used to find out the effect of soil moisture levels on As adsorption. For this study, besides double tube method, conventional batch method also was used. The As adsorption showed two phase kinetics. An initial and rapid adsorption was found at first hour and then gradually preceded before equilibrium in all the three soils in the case of double tube method and in clay loam and light clay soil in the case of batch method. Adsorption seemed to reach equilibrium at 24 h in both methods, though the initial adsorbate load was not the same at the same applied concentration in the methods. Adsorption activity differed according to soil and as well as to the methods. The highest adsorption was found in clay loam soil followed by light clay and sandy loam soil. The linear model of Freundlich adsorption was found better fitted in the case of double tube method than batch method. Suggesting that, under the experimental conditions stated here, the double tube method is more appropriate to describe the adsorption of As in the three Japanese soils under normal field condition. The concentration of As in soil water was slightly increased at different moisture levels from 50%-80% which may contribute significantly to the bioavailability of As at the moisture level below maximum filed capacity.


Alvarez-Benedi, J., Bolado, S., Cancillo, I., Calvo,
C. and Garcia-Sinovas, D. (2005). Adsorptiondesorption
of arsenate in three Spanish soils.
Vadose Zone J., 4, 282-290.
Carbonell-Barrachina, A.A., Burl. O., Carbonell,
F.M. and Mataix-Beneyto, J.J. (1996). Kinetics of
arsenite sorption and desorption in Spanish soils.
Commun. Soil Sci. Pl. An., 27, 3101–3117.
Cui, Y. and Weng, L. (2013). Arsenate and
Phosphate Adsorption in Relation to Oxides
Composition in Soils: LCD Modeling. Environ. Sci.
Technol., 47 (13), pp 7269–7276.
Dhareensank, A., Kobayashi, K. and Ushi, K.
(2006). Residual phytotoxic activity of pethoxamid
in soil water under different soil moisture
conditions. Weed Biol. Manag., 6, 50-54.
Feng Q., Zhang Z., Chen, Y., Liu, L., Zhang Z and
Chen, C. (2013). Adsorption and desorption
characteristics of arsenic on soils: kinetics, equilibrium, and effect of Fe(OH)3 colloid, H2SiO3. Procedia Environ Sci., 18, 26 – 36.
Garcia-Sanchez, A., Alvarez-Ayuso, E. and Rodriguez-Martin, F. (2002). Sorption of As (V) by some oxyhydroxides and clay minerals. Application to its immobilization in two polluted mining soils. Clay Miner., 37, 187–194.
Goh, K., and Lim, T. (2004). Geochemistry of inorganic arsenic and selenium in a tropical soil, effect of reaction time, pH and competitive anions on arsenic and selenium adsorption. Chemosphere, 55, 849-859.
Kobayshi, K., Onoe, M. and Sugiyama, H. (1994). Thenylchor concentration in soil water and its herbicidal activity. Weed Res. (Jpn.), 39, 160-164.
Lafferty, B. J. and Loeppert, R. H. (2005). Methyl arsenic adsorption and desorption behavior on iron oxides. Environ Sci. Technol., 39:2120-2127.
Lo, S.L. and Chen, T.Y. (1997). Adsorption of Se (IV) and Se (VI) on an iron-coated sand from water. Chemosphere, 35, 919–930.
Manning, B.A. and Goldberg, S. (1997). Arsenic (III) and arsenic (V) adsorption on three California soils. Soil Sci., 162, 886–895.
Masscheleyn, P.H., Delaune, R.D. and Patrick, W.H. (1991). Effect of redox potential and pH on arsenic speciation and solubility in a contaminated soil. Environ. Sci Technol., 25, 1414– 1419.
Matera, V., Hecho, I.L., Laboudigue, A., Thomas, P., Tellier, S. and Astruc, M.A. (2003). Methodological approach for the identification of arsenic bearing phases in polluted soils. Environ. Pollut., 12, 51– 64.
O’Neill, P. (1995). Arsenic. In Alloy, B.J. (Ed). Heavy metals in soil. 2nd edition. (pp 105-121). London, Blackie academic and professional.
Pierce, M.L. and Moore, C.B. (1982). Adsorption of Arsenite and arsenate on amorphous iron hydroxide. Water Res., 16, 1247–53.
Raven, K., Jain, A., and Loeppert, R. (1998). Arsenite and arsenate adsorption on ferrihydrite: kinetics, equilibrium, and adsorption envelopes. Environ. Sci. Technol., 32:344-349.
Ryan, J.A., Bell, R.M., Davidson, J.M. and O’Connor, G.A. (1988). Plant Uptake of non-ionic chemicals from soils. Chemosphere, 17, 2299-2323.
Sadiq, M. (1997). Arsenic chemistry in soils: an overview of thermodynamic predictions and field observations. Water, Air Soil Pollut., 93, 117– 36.
Shipley, H.J., Yean, S.J., Kan, A.T., and Tomson, M.B. (2009). Adsorption of arsenic to magnetite nanoparticles: effect of particle concentration, pH, ionic strength, and temperature. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 28:509-515.
Smith, E., Naidu, R., and Alston, A.M., (1998). Arsenic in the soil environment: a review. Adv. Agron., 64, 149-195.
Smith, E., Naidu, R., and Alston, A.M. (1999) Chemistry of arsenic in soils: I. Adsorption of arsenate and arsenite by selected soils. J. Environ. Qual., 28, 1719-1726.
Su, C. M. and Suarez, D.L. (2000). Selenate and selenite sorption on iron oxides. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 64, 101–111.
Sultana, R. and Kobayashi, K. (2011). Potentiality of barnyard grass and rice for arsenic contaminated soil. Weed Biol. Manag., 11, 12-17.
Takahashi, Y., Minamikawa, R., Hattori, K.H., Kurishima, K., Kihou, N. and Tuita, K. (2004). Arsenic behavior in Paddy Fields during the Cycle of Flooded and Non-flooded Period. Environ. Sci.Technol., 38, 1038-1044.
Tan, K.H. (2011). Soil Reactions, In: Principle of soil Chemistry, 4th Edition (p 261), CRC Press, NewYork.
Ticknor, K.V. and McMurry, J. (1996). A study of selenium and tin sorption on granite and goethite. Radiochim. Acta, 73, 149–156.
Waucope, R.D., Yeh, S., Linders, J.B.H.J., Kloskowski, R., Tanaka, K., Robin, B. et al., (2002). Pesticide soil sorption parameters, theory, measurement, uses, limitations and reliability. Pest Manag. Sci., 58, 419-455.
Williams, P.N., Islam, M.R., Adomako, E.E., Raab, A., Hossain, S.A. and Zhu, Y.G. (2006). Increase in rice grain arsenic for regions of Bangladesh irrigating paddies with elevated arsenic in groundwater. Environ. Sci. Technol., 40, 4903–4908.
Xu, H., Allard, B. and Grimvall, A. (1988). Influence of pH and organic substance on the adsorption of As (V) on geologic materials. Water Air Soil Pollut., 40, 293–305.
Zeng, X., Wu, P., Su, S., Bai, L. and Feng, Q. (2012). Phosphate has a differential influence on arsenate adsorption by soils with different properties. Plant Soil Environ., 58, 2012 (9): 405–411.
Zhang, H. and Selim, H.M. (2005). Kinetics of Arsenate Adsorption-Desorption in soils. Environ. Sci. Technol., 39, 6101-6108.