A Review of Local Factors Affecting Solid Waste Collection in Nigeria

Document Type : Review Paper


1 Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, Covenant University, PMB 1023, Ota, Nigeria

2 Department of Mathematics, College of Science and Technology, Covenant University, PMB 1023, Ota, Nigeria



The knowledge of local and regional factors that affect effective solid
waste collection plays an important role in choosing appropriate technology. Waste
collection has grown to become a major challenge demanding daily response from waste
managers and it becomes inevitable to provide stakeholders with necessary information to
aid key decision-making. This paper provides a comprehensive and detailed review of
local-based factors that affect waste collection in Nigeria. Literature study and on-site
observation were used for getting theoretical and useful information on the collection of
waste in the study area. The study considered various standard collection technologies
and their supporting factors in order to assess the effectiveness of existing methods. The
current collection techniques existing in different parts of the country together with
unique local factors for these various areas are reported. The findings in many cases
reveal that the method of waste collection adopted and equipment used are faced with
many challenges. This paper revealed that there is no investment presently made on the
existing development plan to initiate a modern waste collection system. The study
recommends a new approach that could be used by institutions and government agencies
for efficient municipal solid waste collection to achieve sustainable and effective
sanitation which will consequently facilitate the development of an aesthetically balanced
and friendly environment.


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