Impact of Environmental Quality Variables and Socio-Economic Factors on Human Health: Empirical Evidence from China

Document Type: Original Research Paper


1 School of Economics, Department of Industrial Economics, Nanjing University, China

2 Research School for Southeast Asian Studies, Xiamen University, China

3 Institute of Business Studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan

4 School of Economics & Management, Tsinghua University, China

5 School of Social Behavior Sciences, Department of Sociology, Nanjing University, China


Carbon dioxide (CO2) is the foremost gas, emanated from human activities, and the best-known greenhouse gas, contributing to global warming, thus its negative effect on human health cannot be disregarded. The current paper investigates the relation between environmental quality variables, socio-economic factors, and human health from 1960 to 2014 in China, using Auto Regressive Distribution Lag (ARDL) Model. It selects three main environmental quality indicators (carbon emissions from coal, natural gas, and petrol) along with two representative socio-economic factors variables (per capita income and urban population) to explain the interaction mechanism. The results validate the long-term negative equilibrium impact of carbon emissions from the consumption of natural gas, coal, and petroleum on human health. The findings also reveal that migration from the countryside to cities and increase in per capita income improve quality of health. It is suggested that lowering emission of Carbon dioxide (CO2), which is the principal cause of greenhouse gas emissions, should be important in setting up the high quality of life for citizens.


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