A Comparative Assessment of State of Environment Report in Tehran and Sydney, With an Emphasis on Sustainable Cities’ Criteria

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 School of Environment, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O.Box 14155-6135, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Environment, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, P.O.Box 14155-775, Tehran, Iran


One of the most comprehensive tools to show the changing trend in urban ecosystems is by providing periodic State of Environment Report (SoER) for cities in national programs, wherein it is quite essential to have a truthful and realistic view of the current state of the environment as well as significant human impacts. Developing countries like Iran are faced with incoherent and deficient SoER; due to lack of data, which originates from neglecting environmental issues such as poverty, overpopulation, etc. The present study makes a comparative assessment of Tehran and Sydney's SoER in terms of sustainable urban environment indicators with the purpose of recognizing the weaknesses and strengths as well as finding the most important gaps in Tehran's SoER, which can be a useful resource for decision-makers. Results indicate the necessity of establishing integrated urban environmental management. On the whole, this paper recommends programs of environmental development and implementation as suggested strategies to reduce uncertainty and increase the reliability of SoER in the study area.


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