Adsorption and Leaching Behavior of Copper, Zinc and Lead Ions by Three Different River Nile Sediments at Aswan, Egypt

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Aswan University, 81528 Aswan, Egypt

2 National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF), Aswan, Egypt


The present study was carried out to investigate the adsorption and leaching behavior of Cu2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ by sediments collected from the western banks of three different sectors along River Nile at Aswan governorate, Egypt. The feasibility of sediments for the removal of Cu2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ from aqueous solutions was tested under the effect of three conditions (pH, initial metal concentration and contact time). By increasing pH, the adsorption of Cu2+ and Pb2+ by sediments decreased while that of Zn2+ increased. The optimum pH values for Cu2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ removal were determined as 5, 8.5 and 5, respectively. The adsorption capacities of sediments for metal ions were in the order of Pb2+ > Cu2+ > Zn2+. The maximum uptake for Cu2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ by sediments occurred at contact times of 48 h, 24 h and 72 h, respectively. Adsorption data were fitted well by Freundlich, Dubinin–Radushkevich and Temkin isotherms. The experimental results obtained were analyzed using two adsorption kinetic models, pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order, in which pseudo-second-order equation described the data more than pseudo-first-order one. The average leaching percentages of Cu2+, Zn2+ and Pb2+ from sediments were 0.77%, 2.72% and 0.38%, respectively, with respect to pH, 0.83%, 2.49% and 0.38%, respectively , with respect to temperature, and also 0.79%, 2.34% and 0.38%, respectively with respect to contact time. The leaching percentages of metal ions from sediments were in the order of Zn2+ > Cu2+ > Pb2+.


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