Adsorption of heavy metals (Cu, Mn, Fe and Ni) from surface water using Oreochromis niloticus scales

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Abstract

Surface water contains a large number of pollutants, particularly human pathogens, organic toxicants and heavy metals. Due to the toxic nature of heavy metals towards marine organisms, its removal from the environment has been a growing issue. The biosorption of heavy metal ions from surface water using fish scales has emerged as an environmentally friendly technique. This study assessed the degree of heavy metals accumulation in the scales of Oreochromis niloticus and determining its efficiency as a bioindicator for Cu, Mn and Fe ions removal in the environment of Wewe and Owabi rivers. This study shows that the levels of Cu, Mn, Fe adsorbed from the Owabi river were 685.70 ± 16.51, 247.06 ± 50.46 and 892.90 ± 96.29 mg/kg, respectively. Moreover, the levels of Cu, Mn and Fe adsorbed from Wewe river were 501.60 ± 77.78, 300.89 ± 54.61     and 413.04 ± 9.92 mg/kg, respectively. Under best optimum adsorption conditions, Cu was the best removed heavy metal ions in both surface water reservoirs. Multivariate analysis showed that Cu and Mn showed association in Owabi river, while Mn and Fe were correlated in Wewe river signifying their similarities to a common anthropogenic activity. The Fourier–transform infrared spectrum revealed the existence of a nitro, amine, and carbonyl groups in the biosorption process. This study highlighted that Oreochromis niloticus scales was an efficient bio–sorbent in removing Cu, Mn and Fe ions from Owabi and Wewe rivers.      

Keywords


Abdul Kadir, A., Abdullah, A. and Lee, K. W. (2013). Study on ferum (Fe) and zinc (Zn) removal by using rice bran at Sungai Pelepah, Kota Tinggi, Johor. Adv. Environ. Biol., 7; 3580-3586.

Al-Busaidi, M., Yesudhason, P., Al-Mughairi, S., Al-Rahbi, W., Al-Harthy, K., Al-Mazrooei, N. and Al-Habsi, S. (2011). Toxic metals in commercial marine fish in Oman with reference to national and international standards. Chemosphere, 85; 67-73.

Anim, A., Ahialey, E., Duodu, G., Ackah, M. and Bentil, N. (2011). Accumulation profile of heavy metals in fish samples from Nsawam, along the Densu River, Ghana. Res. J. Environ. Earth Sci., 3; 56-60.

Arıca, M. Y. and Bayramoğlu, G. (2005). Cr (VI) biosorption from aqueous solutions using free and immobilized biomass of Lentinus sajor-caju: preparation and kinetic characterization. Colloids Surf. Physicochem. Eng. Aspects, 253; 203-211.

Asuquo, F. E., Ewa-Oboho, I., Asuquo, E. F. and Udo, P. J. (2004). Fish species used as biomarker for heavy metal and hydrocarbon contamination for Cross River, Nigeria. Environmentalist, 24; 29-37.

Castro-González, M. and Méndez-Armenta, M. (2008). Heavy metals: Implications associated to fish consumption. Environ. Toxicol. Pharmacol., 26; 263-271.

Cui, B., Zhang, Q., Zhang, K., Liu, X. and Zhang, H. (2011). Analyzing trophic transfer of heavy metals for food webs in the newly-formed wetlands of the Yellow River Delta, China. Environ. Pollut., 159; 1297-1306.

Ebrahimpour, M. and Mushrifah, I. (2010). Seasonal variation of cadmium, copper, and lead concentrations in fish from a freshwater lake. Biol. Trace Elem. Res., 138; 190-201.

El-Sheikh, A. H. and Sweileh, J. A. (2008). Sorption of trace metals on fish scales and application for lead and cadmium pre-concentration with flame atomic absorption determination. Jordan J. Chem., 3; 87-97.

Gao, S., Yin, T., Xu, B., Ma, Y. and Hu, M. (2014). Amino acid facilitates absorption of copper in the Caco-2 cell culture model. Life Sci., 109; 50-56.

Giripunje, M. D., Fulke, A. B. and Meshram, P. U. (2016). Assessment of heavy metals and estimation of human health risk in Tilapia fish from Naik Lake of Nagpur, India. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Sci., 8; 22-29.

Govers, L. L., Lamers, L. P., Bouma, T. J., Eygensteyn, J., de Brouwer, J. H., Hendriks, A. J., Huijbers, C. M. and van Katwijk, M. M. (2014). Seagrasses as indicators for coastal trace metal pollution: a global meta-analysis serving as a benchmark, and a Caribbean case study. Environ. Pollut., 195; 210-217.

Gupta, C. (2014). Role of iron (Fe) in body. IOSR J. Appl. Chem., 7; 38-46.

Ibrahim, A. T. A., Wassif, E. T. and Alfons, M. S. (2016). Heavy metals assessment in water, sediments and some organs of Oreochromis niloticus under the impact of sewage water. J. Heavy Metal Toxic. Dis., 1; 1-7.

Jabeen, F. and Chaudhry, A. S. (2010). Environmental impacts of anthropogenic activities on the mineral uptake in Oreochromis mossambicus from Indus River in Pakistan. Environ. Monit. Assess., 166; 641-651.

Jain, M., Garg, V. and Kadirvelu, K. (2009). Chromium (VI) removal from aqueous system using Helianthus annuus (sunflower) stem waste. J. Hazard. Mater., 162; 365-372.

Jiwan, S. (2011). Effects of heavy metals on soil, plants, human health and aquatic life. Int. J. Res. Chem. Environ., 1; 15-21.

Kumolu-Johnson, C., Ndimele, P., Akintola, S. and Jibuike, C. (2010). Copper, zinc and iron concentrations in water, sediment and Cynothrissa mento (Regan 1917) from Ologe Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria: a preliminary survey. Afr. J. Aquat. Sci., 35; 87-94.

Meche, A., Martins, M. C., Lofrano, B. E., Hardaway, C. J., Merchant, M. and Verdade, L. (2010). Determination of heavy metals by inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry in fish from the Piracicaba River in Southern Brazil. Microchem. J., 94; 171-174.

Medeiros, R. J., dos Santos, L. M. G., Freire, A. S., Santelli, R. E., Braga, A. M. C., Krauss, T. M. and Jacob, S. d. C. (2012). Determination of inorganic trace elements in edible marine fish from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Food Control, 23; 535-541.

Mendil, D., Uluözlü, Ö. D., Hasdemir, E., Tüzen, M., Sari, H. and Suicmez, M. (2005). Determination of trace metal levels in seven fish species in lakes in Tokat, Turkey. Food Chem., 90; 175-179.

Mziray, P. and Kimirei, I. A. (2016). Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in marine fishes (Siganus sutor, Lethrinus harak, and Rastrelliger kanagurta) from Dar es Salaam Tanzania. Reg. Stud. Mar. Sci., 7; 72-80.

Negi, R. and Maurya, A. (2015). Heavy metal concentrations in tissues of major carp and exotic carp from Bhagwanpur fish pond, India. J. Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 10; 543-552.

Orata, F. and Birgen, F. (2016). Fish tissue bio-concentration and interspecies uptake of heavy metals from waste water lagoons. J. Pollut. Eff. Control, 4; 1-6.

Othman, N., Abdul Kadir, A. and Zayadi, N. (2006). Waste fish scale as cost effective adsorbent in removing zinc and ferum ion in wastewater. ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci., 11; 1584-1592.

Othman, N., Abdul Kadir, A. and Zayadi, N. (2015). Mozambique tilapia fish scales as potential biosorbent for Zn and Pb ions removal: kinetic and isotherm studies, 2nd IWA Malaysia Young Water Professional Conference, Vivatel Hotel, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Othman, N. and Juki, M. I. (2011). Characterization and optimization of heavy metals biosorption by fish scales, Regional Symposium on Engineering and Technology, Kuching, Sarawak, pp. 126-132.

Prabu, K., Shankarlal, S. and Natarajan, E. (2012). A biosorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using fish scale (Catla catla). World J. Fish Mar. Sci., 4; 73-77.

Rahaman, M., Basu, A. and Islam, M. (2008). The removal of As (III) and As (V) from aqueous solutions by waste materials. Bioresour. Technol., 99; 2815-2823.

Soetan, K., Olaiya, C. and Oyewole, O. (2010). The importance of mineral elements for humans, domestic animals and plants-A review. Afr. J. Food Sci., 4; 200-222.

Srividya, K. and Mohanty, K. (2009). Biosorption of hexavalent chromium from aqueous solutions by Catla catla scales: equilibrium and kinetics studies. Chem. Eng. J., 155; 666-673.

Vieira, E. F., Cestari, A. R., Carvalho, W. A., Oliveira, C. d. S. and Chagas, R. A. (2012). The use of freshwater fish scale of the species Leporinus elongatus as adsorbent for anionic dyes. J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., 109; 1407-1412.

Weber, P., Behr, E. R., Knorr, C. D. L., Vendruscolo, D. S., Flores, E. M., Dressler, V. L. and Baldisserotto, B. (2013). Metals in the water, sediment, and tissues of two fish species from different trophic levels in a subtropical Brazilian river. Microchem. J., 106; 61-66.

Wiener, J. G. and Giesy Jr, J. P. (1979). Concentrations of Cd, Cu, Mn, Pb, and Zn in fishes in a highly organic softwater pond. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 36; 270-279.

Witek-Krowiak, A., Szafran, R. G. and Modelski, S. (2011). Biosorption of heavy metals from aqueous solutions onto peanut shell as a low-cost biosorbent. Desalination, 265; 126-134.

Yousafzai, A. M., Chivers, D. P., Khan, A. R., Ahmad, I. and Siraj, M. (2010). Comparison of heavy metals burden in two freshwater fishes Wallago attu and Labeo dyocheilus with regard to their feeding habits in natural ecosystem. Pak. J. Zool., 42; 537-544.

Zayadi, N. and Othman, N. (2013a). Characterization and optimization of heavy metals biosorption by fish scales, Adv. Mater. Res. Trans Tech Publ, pp. 260-265.

Zayadi, N. and Othman, N. (2013b). Removal of zinc and ferum ions using Tilapia Mossambica fish scale. Int. J. Integr. Eng., 5; 23-29.

Zhao, S., Feng, C., Quan, W., Chen, X., Niu, J. and Shen, Z. (2012). Role of living environments in the accumulation characteristics of heavy metals in fishes and crabs in the Yangtze River Estuary, China. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 64; 1163-1171.