Efficient Removal of Methylene Blue from Aqueous Solution by Adsorption on Cerium Vanadate Nanoparticles

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Chemistry, Savadkooh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Savadkooh, Iran.

2 Department of Life Science Engineering, Faculty of New Sciences & Technologies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

3 Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

4 Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran Biosensor Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular-Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Cerium vanadate nanoparticles (CVNPs) were used as a solid phase adsorbent for removing methylene blue (MB) from aqueous media. The nanoparticles were obtained through a direct precipitation procedure in aqueous solutions, and were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The results proved the product to comprise 25-45 nm particles. Batch adsorption experiments to determine the optimal adsorption conditions and the different factors which influence the adsorption efficiency (i.e. pH, amount of CVNPs, contact time, and the concentration of MB) were also evaluated. The experimental data were analyzed using the Langmuir and freundlich adsorption models.The data were satisfactorily fitted to the Langmuir model and a maximum adsorption capacity of 181.8 mg/g was obtained at pH of 3.0. Further kinetics studies were performed on the parameters. The adsorption of the model dye (MB) was found to reach equilibrium after 10 min, following a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Desorption of the dye and recycling potential of the adsorbent was also studied.

Keywords


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