The Study of CO Symptoms' Impacts on Individuals, Using GIS and Agent-based Modeling (ABM)

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of GIS & RS, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Water and Environmental Engineering, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

3 Graduate Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to use both agent-based modeling as a new method in modeling dynamic phenomena and GIS to show the effects of carbon monoxide (CO) on individuals in the city of Tehran. After collecting the latest information about the severity of carbon monoxide pollutants on different days, one of the days with a very high severity of this pollutant has been selected for investigation and the interpolation map of its data has been developed via IDW method in ArcGIS software environment, which is then re-classified with the NetLogo software environment used to run the agent-based model. At this stage, the agents are randomly produced in four different age groups in the environment and begin moving with the onset of the running process in the environment. Also, the symptoms, caused by the pollution effects on the agents, appear in form of changes in color and are based on carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) levels (percentage) of each. The results indicate that among the considered older age groups, the members of the age group above 65, have had been mostly affected by pollution and the effect of pollution on the agents of the age group of 13 to 30 years old has been less than the other groups.

Keywords


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