The Use of Raw and Thermally-Modified Calcareous Sludge Generated in Stone Cutting Industry for Sulfur Dioxide Removal

Document Type: Original Research Paper


Department of Natural Resources, Isfahan University of Technology, 84156-83111, Isfahan, Iran


Management of solid wastes is considered as an economic and environmental issue in the building stone industry. The current study uses raw and calcined calcareous sludge, generated in the stone cutting factories, in order to remove sulfur dioxide. Sludge characterization has been performed, using X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analyses. The removal experiments of sulfur dioxide have conducted under different humid contents and adsorbent doses. The results showed that the higher the adsorbent dosage and humidity content, the greater the SO2 adsorption.. The calcination process at temperatures of 400, 500, 600, and 700℃ revealed that with rising calcination temperature and humidity content, the adsorbent capability is enhanced considerably. This method could be developed for the management of stone sludge produced from the stone cutting industry through its conversion into an effective and low-cost adsorbent for desulfurization process.


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