Amino Functionalized Silica Coated Fe3O4 Magnetic Nanoparticles as a Novel Adsorbent for Removal of Pb2+ and Cd2+

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Chemistry, Yadegar -e- Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Center of Excellence in Electrochemistry, School of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Chemistry, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran


The present study synthesizes a novel adsorbent by coating Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles with amino functionalized mesoporous silica. The FTIR spectrums indicate that silica has been successfully coated on the surface of Fe3O4 and 3-aminopropyl tri methoxysilane compound have been grafted to the surface of silica-coated Fe3O4. The XRD analysis shows the presence of magnetite phase with cubic spinel as a highly crystalline structure, before and after silica coating. The study also investigates the potentials of amino functionalized silica-coated Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles for extraction of Pb2+ and Cd2+ cations from aqueous solutions, where it has used flame atomic absorption spectrometry to determine ion concentration in both recovery and sample solutions. The optimum conditions of removal of Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions turn out to be pH= 4-8 with a stirring time of 20 minutes. The minimum amount of 3M nitric acid to strip ions from functionalized magnetic nanoparticles is 10 mL. The experimental data show the adsorption isotherms have been well described by Langmuir isotherm model, with the maximum capacity of the adsorbent being 1000.0 (± 1.4) μg, 454.5 (± 1.6) μg of Pb2+, and Cd2+ per each mg of functionalized magnetic nanoparticles, respectively. Finally, the proposed adsorbent is successfully applied to remove Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions in wastewater samples.


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