Evaluation of Catalytic Effects of Metal Oxide Nanoparticles on Pyrolysis of Used Lubricating Oil

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 School of Environment, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O.Box 14155-6135, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 School of Engineering Science, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O. Box: 11155-4563, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Pyrolysis is an applicable method that has been widely used to recover hydrocarbons from Used Lubricating Oil (ULO). However, large-scale application of this approach has been limited by its noticeably energy and time consuming nature. In the present research, it has been attempted to modify the energy and time requirements of ULO pyrolysis using the catalytic effects of metal oxide nanoparticles (NPs). The impacts of γ-Al2O3, γ-Fe2O3 and ZnO NPs on the kinetic features of ULO pyrolysis were studied using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The kinetic parameters of the pyrolysis process were calculated based on Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) and Flynn-Wall-Ozava (FWO) models. The activation energy of virgin ULO pyrolysis had been calculated to be 161.505 and 162.087 kJ/mol using KAS and FWO models, respectively. However, in the present work, utilization of γ-Fe2O3 NPs significantly reduced the activation energy of ULO pyrolysis to 133.511 and 138.289 kJ/mol through KAS and FWO models, respectively. The catalytic effect of ZnO NPs was not as noticeable as that of γ-Fe2O3 NPs, resulting in activation energies of 155.568 and 158.501 kJ/mol using KAS and FWO models, respectively. Moreover, based on the results of this study, γ-Al2O3 NPs had no significant impact on the kinetics of ULO pyrolysis.

Keywords


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