Sustainability of Aluminium Oxide Nanoparticles Blended Mahua Biodiesel to the Direct Injection Diesel Engine Performance and Emission Analysis

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sir Padampat Singhania University, Udaipur, P.O. Box-313601, Rajasthan, India

2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, G L Bajaj Institute of Technology and Management, Greater Noida, P.O. Box-201306, UP, India

3 Department of Chemistry, Sir Padampat Singhania University, Udaipur, P.O. Box-313601, Rajasthan, India

4 Department of Biotechnology, Sir Padampat Singhania University, Udaipur, P.O. Box-313601, Rajasthan, India


The study investigates the effect of aluminium oxide nanoparticles as an additive to Madhuca Indica (mahua) methyl ester blends on performance, emission analysis of a single-cylinder direct injection diesel engine operated at a constant speed at different operating conditions. The test fuels are indicated as B10A0.2, B10A0.4, B20A0.2, B20A0.4 and diesel respectively. The results indicate that the brake thermal efficiency for aluminium oxide nanoparticles blended biodiesel increases slightly when compared to the mineral diesel. The carbon monoxide (CO), unburnt hydrocarbon (HC) and smoke emission marginally decrease as compared to mineral diesel. Oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions are minimum for the aluminium oxide nanoparticles blended mahua methyl esters. Higher cylinder gas pressure and heat release rate were observed for aluminium oxide nanoparticles blended mahua methyl ester. From the study, the blending of aluminium oxide nanoparticles in biodiesel blends produces a most promising results in engine performance and also reduces the harmful emission from the engines.


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