Emerging Pollutants in Aquatic Environment: Source, Effect, and Challenges in Biomonitoring and Bioremediation- A Review

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Agartala, Agartala- P.O Box 799046, Tripura, India

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Government Polytechnic College, Gonda, Gonda- P.O Box 271001,Uttar Pradesh, India

3 Department of Civil Engineering, Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jhansi, Jhansi- P.O Box 284128, Uttar Pradesh, India

4 Department of Civil Engineering, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara, Punjab- P.O Box 144411, Punjab, India

5 Department of Environmental Sciences, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University, Ayodhya- P.O Box 224001, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract

Emerging contaminants are distributed in to the environment from various anthropogenic activities. These Emerging contaminants (ECs) are mainly composed of products, such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products (PCPs), surfactants, plasticizers, pesticides etc. The present conventional system of waste treatment are not designed to treat these contaminants. Complex structure of these pollutants and their existence at low concentration makes them untraceable and hence found to be difficult in removal of these by present waste treatment. These chemicals are considered as threat to human health and environment. Therefore, disposal and treatment of these chemicals of emerging concern have been a key concern in the field of water treatment and its reuse. Biosensors can be used for biomonitoring of these contaminants with of biological system. Bioremediation plays an important role in the treatment of these pollutants of emerging concern. This review discusses about the sources, effects, and challenges in biomonitoring and bioremediation related to these emerging contaminants.

Keywords


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