Removal of Methyl Orange Dye from Aqueous Solution by a Low-Cost Activated Carbon Prepared from Mahagoni (Swietenia mahagoni) Bark

Document Type: Original Research Paper


Department of Environmental Science and Technology, Jashore University of Science and Technology, P.O.Box 7408, Jashore, Bangladesh


This study utilized Swietenia mahagoni bark–a wood processing industry waste, for the preparation of activated carbon, and then investigated for the removal of methyl orange (MO) dye by the Swietenia mahagoni bark activated carbon (SMBAC). The effect of pH (3–10), adsorbent dose (1–30 g/L), initial MO dye concentration (10–100 mg/L), and contact time (1–240 min) were evaluated. The surface morphology of the SMBAC was characterized by using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Maximum removal efficiency of MO by SMBAC was 92%, when initial MO dye concentration was 10 mg/L, pH 3.0, adsorbent dose 10.0 g/L and 120 min equilibrium contact time. The adsorption data fitted well with the Freundlich (R2=0.997) and Halsey (R2=0.997) isotherm models than the Langmuir (R2=0.979) model, and express the multilayer adsorption on heterogeneous surface. The maximum adsorption capacity was 6.071 mg/g. The kinetics data were fitted well to pseudo-second order model (R2=0.999) and more than one process were involved during adsorption mechanism but film diffusion was the potential rate controlling step.  The study results showed that SMBAC adsorbed MO effectively, and could be used as a low cost potential bioadsorbent for the removal of anionic dyes in wastewater treatment.