Optimization of Crystal Violet Adsorption by Chemically Modified Potato Starch Using Response Surface Methodology

Document Type: Original Research Paper


Department of Water Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Fasa University, P.O.Box 74616-86131, Fasa, Iran


In this research, a response surface methodology (RSM) was used to investigate the effects of independent parameters (pH, contact time, temperature, adsorbent dosage, and initial concentration of pollutant), their simultaneous interactions, and quadratic effects on crystal violet adsorption onto two starch based materials in the form of batch experiments. The characterizing results indicated that there is no significant difference between the potato starch and synthesized starch phosphate, as phosphorylation has not changed the crystalline structure of starch inside the granules. The maximum removal efficiency of crystal violet ions was obtained 99 % at the optimum adsorption conditions of initial concentration 213.54 mg/L, adsorbent dosage 0.25 g, contact time 14.99 min, temperature 15 °C, and initial pH of solution 9. RSM outputs showed that the maximum adsorption of crystal violet ions by could be achieved by raising pH and adsorbent dosage, and decreasing the initial crystal violet concentration. While temperature and contact time are not effective parameters in crystal violet removal from aqueous solutions using synthesized starch phosphate. Generally, the RSM model is suitable to optimize the experiments for dye elimination by adsorption, where the modified starch phosphate would be an effective adsorbent for treating crystal violet solution.