Sustainable Environmental Management using Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment Model in Petrochemical Industry

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Environmental Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O.Box 14515-775, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Engineering, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O.Box 14515-775, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of the Environment, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, P.O.Box 19585-936, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

This study aims to present a sustainable environmental model using the life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) method in Shazand Petrochemical Company. To determine the evaluation indices, two Delphi and DEMATEL-FTOPSIS questionnaires were distributed among 27 and 8 experts in the field of sustainable environmental management. The environmental, social, economic, environmental-economic, socio-environmental and socio-economic factors were selected as the main criteria based on the previous studies. Data analysis was performed using the DEMATEL-FTOPSIS approach. The values of the determined indices were specified by this study, and the management of the company was prepared. The indicated that the BOD/COD output from the company with the value of 2.181 has the highest effectiveness. Moreover, the index of having short - and long-term planning for local sustainable development with the value of 2.416 had the highest influence. Identification of powerful, strategic and high-quality contractors to enter a long-term contract with them in order to get the competitive advantage in the value chain of the company with the value of 0.569 was found to be the best strategy. Eventually, the sustainable management model for petrochemical industry was presented based on the output results. In this model, indices, prioritizing improvement plans and assessing life cycle sustainability were identified as the most important factors among others.

Keywords


Ahmad, M., Ur Rahman, Z., Hong, L., Khan, S., Khan, Z. and Naeem Khan, M. (2018). Impact of environmental quality variables and social-economic factors on human health: empirical evidence from China. Pollution 4(4): 571-579.
Akhtar, S., Bahareh, R., Hewage, K., Shahriar, A., Zargar, A. and Sadiq, R. (2015). Life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA) for selection of sewer pipe materials. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 17(4): 973-992.
Al-Salem, S.M., Mechleri, E., Papageorgiou, L.G. and Lettieri, P. (2012). Life cycle assessment and optimization on the production of petrochemicals and energy from polymers for the Greater London Area. Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, Elsevier. 30: 101-106.
Ambrus, R., Izvercian, M., Ivascu, L. and Artene, A. (2018). Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment of Products in the Context of Competitiveness. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 238: 452-459.
Asadollahfardi, G., Panahandeh, A., Khalvati, A.A. and Sekhavati, A. (2017). Life cycle assessment of construction phase of monorail project in Qom, Iran. Pollution 3(1): 81-99.
Azapagic, A., Stamford, L., Youds, L. and Barteczko-Hibbert, C. (2016). Towards sustainable production and consumption: a novel decision-support framework integrating economic, environmental and social sustainability (DESIRES). Computers & Chemical Engineering 91: 93-103.
Baumgartner, R. J. and Rauter, R. (2017). Strategic perspectives of corporate sustainability management to develop a sustainable organization. Journal of Cleaner Production, 140: 81-92
Biasutti, M. and Frate, S. (2017). A validity and reliability study of the attitudes toward sustainable development scale. Environmental Education Research 23(2): 214-230.
Energy, M. (2015). Iran Energy Balance Sheet. Office of Planning and Macroeconomics of Electricity and Energy: 70-71.
Gholipour, Y., Hasheminasab, H., Kharrazi, M. and Streimikis, J. (2018). Sustainability criteria assessment for life-cycle phases of petroleum refinery projects by madm technique. E+ M Ekonomie a Management 21(3): 75-87.
Habibi, A., Sarafrazi, A. and Izadyar, S. (2014). Delphi technique theoretical framework in qualitative research. The International Journal of Engineering and Science 3(4): 8-13.
Iacovidou, E., Busch, J., Hahladakis, J., Baxter, H., Ng, K. and Herbert, B. (2017). A parameter selection framework for sustainability assessment. Sustainability 9(9): 1497.
Moharamned, N., Aghajani, M., Atabi, F. and Azarkamand, S. (2013). Petrochemical supply chain's share in emission of greenhouse gases, case study: Shazand petrochemical complex. American Journal of Environmental Sciences 9(4): 334-342.
Passetti, E. and Tenucci, A. (2016). Eco-efficiency measurement and the influence of organizational factors: evidence from large Italian companies. Journal of Cleaner production 122: 228-239.
Pourahmad, A., Lotfi, S., Omranzadeh, B. and Mahdi, A. (2015). The failure of the integrated urban management in Iran: an analysis from the perspective of interactive and legal problems between the state and municipality. International Journal of Management Science 2(1): 1-12.
Pollution, 6(2): 347-361, Spring 2020
Pollution is licensed under a "Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0)"
361
Shahmohammadi, A. and Veisi, H., khoshbakht K, Mahdavi Damghani A, Soltani, E. (2017). Life Cycle Assessment of potato production semi-mechanized method in Iran: A Case Study of Markazi Province. Iranian Journal of Biosystem Engineering, 47(4), 666-659.
Sneddon, C., Howarth, R.B. and Norgaard, R.B. (2006). Sustainable development in a post-Brundtland world. Ecological economics 57(2): 253-268.
Standardization, I. S. O. (2006). Environmental Management: Life Cycle Assessment; Principles and Framework, ISO.
Steckel, J.C., Brecha, R.J., Jakob, M., Strefler, J. and Luderer, G. (2013). Development without energy? Assessing future scenarios of energy consumption in developing countries. Ecological Economics 90: 53-67.
UNEP. (2011). Towards Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment: Making Informed Choices on Products.
Wulf, C., Werker, J., Zapp, P., Schreiber, A., Schlör, H. and Kuckshinrichs, W. (2018). Sustainable development goals as a guideline for indicator selection in Life Cycle Sustainability Assessment. Procedia CIRP 69: 59-65.
Walls, J. L. and Hoffman, A. J. (2013. Exceptional boards: Environmental experience and positive deviance from institutional norms. Journal of Organizational Behavior 34(2): 253–271.