Assessment of Disposal Scenarios for Solid Waste Management Using Fuzzy Rapid Impact Assessment Matrix; a Case Study of Khorramabad Industrial Estate

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of environment, Faculty of agriculture and natural resources, Lorestan University, Iran

2 School of environment, College of engineering, University of Tehran, Iran


The present paper tries to assess different scenarios for solid waste management in Khorramabad industrial park. It uses a new hybrid method of fuzzy Rapid Impact Assessment Matrix, and proposes the Fuzzy theory, the ranking method of which is innovated so that the accuracy and flexibility of the RIAM method could be improved. Four scenarios are studied, namely open dumping, sanitary landfill, gasification, and incineration. They are then evaluated in terms of their physical/chemical, biological/ecological, social/cultural, and economic/operational effects. Afterwards, two scenarios have been selected with the aim of energy production. The evaluation of these aspects for each scenario is in accordance to the expert's judgments and field study, with the results showing that sanitary landfill has had the least undesirable effects. Hence, this approach is selected as the best scenario for waste management in the studied area. According to the obtained results, it is suggested to consider sanitary landfills as the main part of the waste management hierarchy program of the studied area. Also, it is highly recommended to use the Fuzzy RIAM technique in similar studies and to compare the results with the new ones in order to examine the accuracy of the new improved method.


Ahmadipari, M., Hoveidi, H., Jafari, H. R. and Pazoki, M. (2018). An integrated environmental management approach to industrial site selection by genetic algorithm and fuzzy analytic hierarchy process in geographical information system. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 4(3); 339-350. Aliakbari-Beidokhti, Z., Ghazizade, M. J. and Gholamalifard, M. (2017). Environmental Impact Assessment of Municipal Solid Waste Disposal Site Using Rapid Impact Assessment Matrix Analysis In Mashhad City, Iran. Environ. Eng. Manage. J., 16(10); 251-267. Bain, A., Shenoy, M., Ashton, W. and Chertow, M. (2010). Industrial symbiosis and waste recovery in an Indian industrial area. Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 54(12); 1278-1287. Costa, I., Massard, G. and Agarwal, A. (2010). Waste management policies for industrial symbiosis development: case studies in European countries. J. Cleaner Prod., 18(8); 815-822.
Ghobadi, M. et al.
Daryabeigi Zand, A. and Vaezi Hier, A. (2019). Application of rapid impact assessment matrix and sustainability model in environmental impact assessment and operational optimization of solid waste transfer stations in Tehran. Iran. J. Health Environ., 12(3); 501-514. Deus, R. M., Mele, F. D., Bezerra, B. S. and Battistelle, R. A. G. (2020). A municipal solid waste indicator for environmental impact: Assessment and identification of best management practices. J. Cleaner Prod., 242(5); 118433. Estay-Ossandon, C., Mena-Nieto, A. and Harsch, N. (2018). Using a fuzzy TOPSIS-based scenario analysis to improve municipal solid waste planning and forecasting: a case study of Canary archipelago (1999–2030). J. Cleaner Prod., 176(12); 1198-1212. Ghobadi, M. and Ahmadipari, M. (2018). Environmental planning for wind power plant site selection using a Fuzzy PROMETHEE-Based outranking method in geographical information system. Environ. Energy Econ. Res., 2(2), 75-87. Ghobadi, M., Jafari, H. R., Nabi Bidhendi, G. R. and Yavari, A. R. (2015). Environmental impact assessment of petrochemical industry using fuzzy rapid impact assessment matrix. Pet. Environ. Biotechnol., 6(6); 1-7. Givargis, S., Dabiri, A., Hakiminejad, N., Mahmoodi, M. and Semiromi, F. B. (2018). Comparing Mamdani And Sugeno hierarchical fuzzy systems for environmental impact assessment: a pipeline project case study. Environ. Eng. Manage. J., 17(7); 114-126. Heidrich, O., Harvey, J. and Tollin, N. (2009). Stakeholder analysis for industrial waste management systems. Waste Manage., 29(2); 965-973. Hoveidi, H., Pari, M. A., HosseinVahidi, M. P. and Koulaeian, T. (2013). Industrial waste management with application of RIAM environmental assessment: a case study on toos industrial state, Mashhad. Energy Environ., 4(2); 142-149. Koolivand, A., Mazandaranizadeh, H., Binavapoor, M., Mohammadtaheri, A. and Saeedi, R. (2017). Hazardous and industrial waste composition and associated management activities in Caspian industrial park, Iran. Environ. Nanotechnol. Monit. Manage., 7(3); 9-14. Kumar, K. S., Nagendra, G. U., Veerendranath, L., Bhanu, S. B. and Sowjanya, N. L. C. (2013). Evaluation of environmental sustainability of landfill sites using rapid impact assessment matrix method. Int. J. Eng. Adv. Technol., 2(6), 2249-2258. Mondal, M. K. and Dasgupta, B. V. (2010). EIA of municipal solid waste disposal site in Varanasi using RIAM analysis. Resour. Conserv. Recycl., 54(9); 541-546. Morgan, R. K. (2012). Environmental impact assessment: the state of the art. Impact Assess. Project Appraisal., 30(1); 5-14. Mourhir, A., Rachidi, T., Papageorgiou, E. I., Karim, M., & Alaoui, F. S. (2016). A cognitive map framework to support integrated environmental assessment. Environ. Modell. Software., 77(15); 81-94.
Naveen, B. P and Malik, R. K. (2019). Assessment of Contamination Potential of Leachate from Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Sites for Metropolitan Cities in India. Pollut., 5(2); 313-322. Nouri, D., Sabour, M. R. and GhanbarzadehLak, M. (2018). Industrial solid waste management through the application of multi-criteria decision-making analysis: a case study of Shamsabad industrial complexes. J. Mater. Cycles Waste Manage., 20(1); 43-58. Nouri, J., Nouri, N. and Moeeni, M. (2012). Development of industrial waste disposal scenarios using life-cycle assessment approach. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 9(3); 417-424. Padash, A. (2017). Modeling of environmental impact assessment based on riam and topsis for desalination and operating units. Environ. Energy Econ. Res., 1(1); 75-88. Panhwar, A., Kandhro, A., Jalbani, N., Faryal, K., Mirjat, M. S., Jhatial, G. H. and Qaiser, S. (2019). Assessment of groundwater quality affected by open dumping site in Hyderabad, Pakistan. Int. J. Environ. Chem., 5(1); 23-30. Pastakia, C. M. and Jensen, A. (1998). The rapid impact assessment matrix (RIAM) for EIA. Environ Impact Assess. Rev., 18(5); 461-482. Samal, B., Mani, S. and Madguni, O. (2020). Open dumping of waste and its impact on our water resources and health—a case of New Delhi, India. Recent Dev. Waste Manage., 26(5);127-154. Shayesteh, A. A., Koohshekan, O., Khadivpour, F., Kian, M., Ghasemzadeh, R. and Pazoki, M. (2020). Industrial waste management using the rapid impact assessment matrix method for an industrial park. Global J. Environ. Sci. Manage., 6(2); 261-274. Silva, R. V., de Brito, J., Lynn, C. J. and Dhir, R. K. (2019). Environmental impacts of the use of bottom ashes from municipal solid waste incineration: A review. Res. Conserv. Recycl., 140(7); 23-35.
Pollution, 6(3): 531-541, Summer 2020
Pollution is licensed under a "Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC-BY 4.0)"
Taheri, M., Gholamalifard, M., Ghazizade, M. J. and Rahimoghli, S. (2014). Environmental impact assessment of municipal solid waste disposal site in Tabriz, Iran using rapid impact assessment matrix. Impact Assess. Project Appraisal., 32(2); 162-169. Tavares, R., Ramos, A. and Rouboa, A. (2019). A theoretical study on municipal solid waste plasma gasification. Waste Manage., 90(4); 37-45. Valizadeh, S. and Hakimian, H. (2019). Evaluation of waste management options using rapid impact assessment matrix and Iranian Leopold matrix in Birjand, Iran. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 16(7); 3337-3354. Yang, M., Khan, F. I. and Sadiq, R. (2011). Prioritization of environmental issues in offshore oil and gas operations: A hybrid approach using fuzzy inference system and fuzzy analytic hierarchy process. Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 89(1); 22-34. Zvijáková, L., ZeleĊˆáková, M. and Purcz, P. (2014). Evaluation of environmental impact assessment effectiveness in Slovakia. Impact Assess. Project Appraisal., 32(2); 150-161.