Assessment of Accumulation and Potential Health Risk of Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn in Fish from North-Eastern Mediterranean Sea

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

1 Department of Water Resources Management and Organization, Faculty of Marine Sciences and Technology, İskenderun Technical University, 31200 İskenderun / Hatay, TURKEY

2 Department of Marine Sciences, Faculty of Marine Sciences and Technology, İskenderun Technical University, 31200 İskenderun / Hatay, TURKEY

Abstract

Heavy metal accumulation in aquatic organisms has been an important issue due to environmental pollution resulting from anthropogenic activities. In this study, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn in the selected fish species (Mullus barbatus, Solea solea, and Siganus rivulatus) from three consecutive bays (İskenderun, Mersin, and Antalya from North-Eastern Mediterranean Sea) were considered to provide some information on heavy metal accumulation level and assessment of their health risk on both general and fishermen populations. There were some significant differences inter- and intra- species/ tissues/bays. The stability in heavy metal accumulation in fish tissues varied and the most stable tissue for Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn were determined as skin, muscle, liver, liver and, muscle, respectively. In general, the lowest heavy metal values were observed in the fish muscle. The Target Hazard Quotients (THQ) and Total Target Hazard Quotients (TTHQ) values based on muscle were not exceeded 1.00. Therefore, these results suggest that both general and fishermen populations are not subjected to the significant potential health risk from those bays.

Keywords


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