Phytoremediation of soil Contaminated by Heavy Metals within a Technical Landfill Center Vicinity: Algerian Case Study

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1. Biotechnology, Environment and Health laboratory, Mohammed Seddik Ben Yahia University, Algeria 2. Department of environmental sciences and agronomic sciences, Mohamed Seddik Ben Yahia university , Jijel, Algeria


The contamination of environment with heavy metals has become a serious problem which can affect the human health. Three heavy metals (Zn, Cd and Pb) were determined in soil and plants for below and aboveground parts along landfill Demina center, located in the wilaya of Jijel, Algeria to evaluate their behavior and uptake by Ditrichia viscosa, Juncus effusus and Solanum nigrum. In our research we tried to study the capacity of these spontaneous plants to accumulate and to translocate heavy metals from soil to their tissues during three years. The heavy metals examined in the soils of the study area showed variations in concentrations, the study area may be practically unpolluted with Zn and Pb (CF; 0.45 and 0.98 successively) and very contaminated with Cd (CF; 8.53). According to the results obtained, the soil is uncontaminated with lead (Igeo=-0.60) and zinc (Igeo= -1.42) but it is heavily contaminated with cadmium (Igeo=2.5) along the study area. Overall the BCFS (bioconcentration factors) are superior to 1, for the all heavy metals and species. However, BCFs follow the following order; BCFZn>BCFPb>BCFCd for Ditrichia viscosa, the following order BCFPb>BCFZn>BCFCd for Juncus effuses and follow the following order; BCFZn>BCFCd>BCFPb for Solanum nigrum. The TFs (translocation factor) of the present study showed that Solanum nigrum can translocate the three of the metals into their aboveground parts.


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