Assessment of water quality of Oum Er Rabia River by Microbiological Quality Index and Water Quality Index

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Higher School of Technology, Sultan Moulay Slimane University. B.P. 170, 54000 Khénifra. Morocco

2 Faculty of Sciences and Technics, Sultan Moulay Slimane University. Campus Mghilla, BP 523, 23000 Beni Mellal. Morocco


Water resource management requires simple tools to enable managers to make decisions. This is the case for water quality indices that provide access to clear, synthetic and well-targeted information. In this study, we have chosen two indices based on two different approaches, the Microbiological Quality Index (MQI), which is determined from bacteriological analyses of water, and the Water Quality Index (WQI), which is based on physicochemical parameters. The Water Quality Index (WQI) shows a longitudinal upstream-downstream variation and ranges from is between five (5) (Null Faecal Contamination) at sampling point P1 and 3.4 (Moderate Fecal Contamination) at P2. The Water Quality Index (WQI) ranges from a low of 14.08 (excellent water quality) at the P1 level to a high of 93.05 at the P2 level (poor water quality) receiving wastewater discharges. The WQI results for P3 and P4, show that the water is of good quality (downstream of P2), which shows the degree of self-purification of the Oum Er Rabia River, regardless of the sampling period. Finally, the results of the MQI corroborate those obtained with the WQI for the water quality of the different sampling points.


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