Treatment Oilfield Produced Water using Coagulation/Flocculation Process (case study: Alahdab Oilfield)

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, Mustansiriyah University, P.O. Box 14150, Bab Al-Mu'adhem, Baghdad, Iraq

2 Baghdad, Iraq


Produced water is a large amount of water wasted throughout the crude oil extraction process, it's a mixture of the well's deposition water and the water of oil wells extraction water. Produced water contains oil, suspended solids and dissolves solid. This study tested produced water collected from Alahdab oilfield/middle oil company for oil content and suspended solid contamination using chemical precipitation and coagulation-flocculation for reinjection and environmental considerations. Coagulation/flocculation is a common method used as primary purification to oily wastewater treatment due to its usability, performance, and low cost. Coagulant experimental was completed by A jar test device, additives of ferric sulfate and aluminium sulfate were in a range about (10 ـ 40) ppm, as well as polyelectrolyte- (polyacrylamide) as an additional flocculent in the range (1.5-3) ppm. The results show that ferric sulfate was more efficient at removing turbidity than aluminium sulfate under the same conditions, with the best removal of turbidity at dose concentration 30 ppm of Ferric sulfate and a flocculent dose concentration of 2.5 ppm of polyacrylamide, also with oil content decreasing from 396.71 ppm to 53.56 ppm.


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