Proposal for a High-Resolution Particulate Matter (PM10 and PM2.5) Capture System, Comparable with Hybrid System-Based Internet of Things: Case of Quarries in the Western Rif, Morocco

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Water treatment and reuse structure, Civil hydraulic and environmental engineering laboratory, Mohammadia School of Engineers, Mohammed V University in Rabat, Avenue Ibn Sina B.P 765, Agdal Rabat, 10090 Morocco

2 Laboratory of Spectroscopy, Molecular Modelling, Materials, Nanomaterial, Water and Environment, CERNE2D, Mohammed V, University in Rabat, Faculty of Science, Avenue Ibn Battouta, BP1014, Agdal, Rabat, Morocco

3 Faculty of Sciences and Techniques, Department of Computer Science, IDMS Team, Moulay Ismail University, PB 509 Boutalamine, Errachidia, Morocco


Atmospheric models today represent all significant aerosol components. Atmospheric aerosols play an important role in the air, globally through their action on the Earth's radiation balance and locally through their effects on health in heavily polluted areas, they vary considerably in their properties that affect the way they absorb and disperse radiation, and they can thus have a cooling or warming effect, they impact on the formation and life of clouds is one example. Among the main sectors of activity releasing emissions of PM10 (fine particles with a diameter of less than 10 µm) and a diameter of less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) is the industrial sector, in particular the extraction industry of building materials. The aerosols emitted by this type of industry are composed mainly of a mixture of dust, sulphates, carbon black and nitrates, is clearly perceptible in many continental regions of the northern hemisphere. Improvements in in situ, satellite and surface measurements are needed. However, the mechanisms by which aerosols interact with the environment are extremely complex and still poorly understood. This study is based on satellite atmospheric models to have spatiotemporal variability of concentrations of fine particles smaller than 10 µm in diameter (PM10) and smaller than 2.5 µm in diameter (PM2.5) at the level of the western Rif part of Morocco, home to a large number of extraction quarries and thus offering a high-resolution particle capture system (PM10 and PM2.5).


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