Temporal Monitoring and Effect of Precipitation on the Quality of Leachate from the Greater Casablanca Landfill in Morocco

Document Type : Original Research Paper


Water Treatment and Valorization Research Team, Geosciences Applied to Development Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Sciences Ain Chock . 5366 Maarif 20100, Casablanca. Hassan II University, Morocco.


A monthly temporal monitoring of the physico-chemical parameters of the leachate from the Greater Casablanca “Mediouna” open-air landfill in Morocco over a period of 13 months was carried out to show their variability over time. This monitoring also highlights the effect of rainfall on leachate quality through fluctuations observed in wet and dry periods. Indeed, the leachate was sampled from a collector that drains a mixture of young and mature leachate. Several physico-chemical parameters were studied: pH, temperature, conductivity, organic matter (BOD5 and COD), total matter (TS, TVS), nitrogen (N-NO2-, N-NO3-, N-NH4+, TKN), total phosphorus (Tp), salts (Cl-, SO42-) and metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Ca, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn). As a result, significant concentrations were recorded throughout the monitoring for the majority of the parameters, showing a high aggressiveness of the leachate. Also, statistically significant relationships were observed between the different parameters. On the other hand, the leachate pollution index (LPI) was calculated to determine the overall potential of leachate pollution. The identification and study of the behaviour of the physico-chemical parameters is very useful for the design of an adequate leachate treatment plant for the Greater Casablanca landfill "Mediouna", taking into consideration the extreme values recorded during the monitoring period, in order to avoid any malfunctioning due to an underestimation of the pollution.


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