Brick Kilns Air Pollution and its Impact on the Peshawar City

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Chemistry, University of Okara, Okara-56300, Pakistan

2 College of Life Science and Oceanography, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, P.R. China

3 Department of Biochemistry, University of Okara, Okara-56300, Pakistan

4 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, King Khalid University, P.O. Box 9004, Abha 61413, Saudi Arabia

5 Department of Applied Chemistry, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan

6 Department of Biological Sciences & Chemistry, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Nizwa, Nizwa, Sultanate of Oman

7 Institute of Geographical Information Systems, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, National University of Sciences & Technology (NUST), Islamabad 44000, Pakistan

8 Department of Chemistry, University of Sahiwal, Sahiwal 54000, Pakistan

9 Department of Chemistry, Karakoram International University, Gilgit-15100, Pakistan


In recent times, the brick kiln contributes to air pollution is one of the most emerging issues worldwide. In this research work, the Peshawar city, ambient air quality was measured, using a fixed air monitoring station to evaluate the impact of gaseous emission from brick kilns on ground level. In this study, the portable gas analyzer (PG-250) was used to quantify brick-based emitting carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) from 3 brick kilns in the city of Peshawar. It was noticed that the average concentration of SO2 and NOx exceeds the National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) of Pakistan specifically, in terms of air quality. The brick kilns in District Peshawar have shown negative effects on the environment. It is necessary to take various measures to monitor the brick kiln embosom regularly before it becomes a significant risk for individuals. In conclusion, the impact of air pollution on physical activity and sedentary behavior at a specific time may be different.


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