Distribution of Natural Radionuclides and their Radiological Risks on Agricultural Soil Samples collected from Yemen

Document Type : Review Paper


1 Physics Department, Faculty of Education Yafea, Aden University, Aden, Yemen

2 Physics Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut 71516, Egypt

3 Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Assiut University, Assiut 71516, Egypt

4 Physics Department, Faculty of Women for Arts, Science and Education, Ain Shams University, Egypt



The main objective of the current study is to determine the distributions of the specific radioactivity concentrations (226Ra, 232Th and 40K) from terrestrial sources using gamma spectroscopy system (HPGe-detector). Forty (40) agricultural soil samples were collected from Wadi Al-Hussini and Tuban in Yemen. The study locations are famous for exporting coffee all over the world. The average of radio-concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K were 61.95±11.57, 32.33±8.03 and 1045.17±153.47 Bq/kg for Wadi Al-Hussini and 65.20±11.59, 50.95±9.80 and 1078.13±157.57 Bq/kg for Tuban, respectively. The obtained results are higher than the average worldwide values reported by UNSCEAR. So, it is not acceptable with global safe criteria. Also, the radiation hazard parameters such as radium equivalent activity, absorbed gamma dose rate, outdoor and indoor annual effective dose equivalent, external and internal radiation hazard index, gamma index level, annual gonadal dose equivalent and excess lifetime cancer risk. All of these parameters are acceptable and within the worldwide values. The obtained results could be considered as reference data to follow up any changes in the future for natural radionuclides pollutants and their risks in the study area.


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