Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Calabar

2 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar – Nigeria.

3 Department of Science Laboratory Technology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar – Nigeria.



This study assessed the growth attributes of maize plants on crude oil-polluted soils amended with agro-wastes. Six kilograms each of composite soil sample was weighed and transferred into one hundred and fifty labeled plastic buckets and spiked with 300mls each of crude oil. Soil amendments were applied and allowed for 90 days. Maize seeds were sowed, while data were collected and subjected to a three-way ANOVA. The result revealed that maize seeds grown on agro-wastes treated and pristine control soils show early seed germination than the crude oil-polluted control soil. The plant height obtained for GnH14P + MaC14P at 10% was the highest with a mean (of 152.81cm2), and the leaf area of the maize from soil treated with GnH14P + EFBOP14P at 10% had the highest mean (756cm2), the leaf length of maize from soil treated with GnH14P + CasP14P at 3%, 6%, and 10% was the highest with mean ranging (54-97 cm2) with no significant difference in mean values obtained. The stem girth, number of leaves, and leaf width were generally improved in the remediated soils. The yield performance of maize shows that the days to flowering were shortened in the bio-remediated soil compared to the prolonged flowering days observed in the crude-oil polluted control. The number of seeds per cob was high in the bio-remediated soils while no seed was obtained in the crude-oil-polluted control soils. It can be concluded that the ameliorated treatment with the agro-wastes improves the performance of maize plants in crude oil-polluted soils.


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