Enhanced Removal of Chromate from Aqueous Solution Using a Metal Oxide Nanocomposite Derived from Bimetallic Metal Organic Framework with Both Adsorption and Catalytic Properties

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Chemistry, College of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Birjand, South Khorasan, Birjand, Iran


Removing environmental pollutants and preserving the environment is an important issue and many efforts have been made in this regard in recent years. In the present work, chromate ions were removed from aqueous solutions by ZnO/CuO acting as both adsorbent and catalyst. Metal oxide fabrication from metal organic framework is one of the most important and interesting scientific issues for the synthesis of high surface area materials. Here, we demonstrate ZnO/CuO synthesis from bimetallic Zn-Cu metal-organic framework (Zn(50)-Cu(50)-BTC) using temperature-programmed oxidation method. The adsorptive and catalytic removal procedure were optimized in terms of its batch efficiency using experimental designs. The effect of hole scavenger type was investigated, and the relationships between the effective important removal procedure parameters and chromate removal efficiency were analyzed through the response surface methodology (RSM) based on central composite design (CCD). The correlation coefficient (R2) and F values were 0.9883 and 74.81, respectively. Finally, simplex non-linear optimization was carried out and the optimal pH, ZnO/CuO amount and contact time were determined to be 2, 20 mg, and 17.5 min. Under these conditions, the predicted removal efficiency of 50 ppm chromate at a 95% confidence level was 98.1 ± 2.4%, which was very close to the recorded response (i.e. 99.4 ± 1.9%). The kinetic and isothermal profiles of the proposed ZnO/CuO, were thoroughly investigated under optimal conditions. The adsorption isotherm follow the Langmuir model and kinetics were found to be pseudo-second-order.


Main Subjects

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