A comparison between two polychaete species; Marphysa gravelyi and Dendronereis aestuarina in terms of heavy metal accumulation from three differently polluted mangrove ecosystems of Northern Kerala, India.

Document Type : Original Research Paper


Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangad. P.O., Kochi-682 506


Three separate mangrove ecosystems in Kerala's Kannur district were examined for trace metal build-up in sediment and two polychaete species, Marphysa gravelyi and Dendronereis aestuarina. By classifying the areas according to the intensity of anthropogenic activity, metal deposition in polychaete tissue was investigated. ICP-MS was used to assess the heavy metal load and the accumulation of metals in sediment in the range of, Zn 24.37-59 mg/kg, Ni 23.67- 59.25 mg/kg, Cu 11.27- 38.6 mg/kg, Pb 4.5- 16.4 mg/kg, Cd 0.1-1.8 mg/kg, Fe 1.25- 3.67 %, and Al 0.65-2.43 %. The soil sample's Zn concentration was at its highest and heavy metals accumulated in the pattern Zn˃Ni˃Cu˃Pb˃Cd. By just switching the concentrations of Ni and Cu, polychaetes' trace metal concentrations follow the same pattern as those found in soil, however, M. gravelyi was discovered to have larger amounts of accumulation when compared to D. aestuarina, mostly for metals like Zn and Pb. Based on data compiled from all stations, the average concentration of accumulation for Zn was 62.34 mg/kg & 43.45 mg/kg, and for Pb, it was 6.59 mg/kg & 1.86 mg/kg in M. gravelyi and D. aestuarina, respectively. Most metal buildup is found in mangrove soil, which has higher levels of organic carbon and clay particles. The findings imply that D. aestuarina is an organism that is sensitive to pollution and that M. gravelyi is a species that is extremely tolerant of pollution, suggesting that the species can be used to anticipate the state of its surrounding environment.


Main Subjects

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