Public health risk assessment of chromium intake from vegetable grown in the wastewater irrigated site in Bangladesh

Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh

2 Department of Public Health & Informatics, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh

3 Institute of Food Science & Technology (IFST), Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh

4 Analytical Research Division, Bangladesh Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (BCSIR), Dhaka 1205, Bangladesh



There are many potential risks to human health from heavy metal contamination of vegetables resulting from wastewater irrigated sites. This study was carried out to assess the concentration of chromium (Cr) and the risk to human health by chromium through the intake of locally grown vegetables collected from wastewater irrigated agricultural fields. Twenty-seven samples of 9 (nine) different types of vegetables were analyzed by an Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS) (Varian AAS 240 F S). The range of chromium concentration in wastewater irrigated vegetables was ND (Not detected) -4.14mg/kg. The highest mean concentration of chromium (4.14 mg/kg) was detected in radish. The mean concentration of chromium in all the vegetables was within the safe limits of WHO/FAO except radish which was much higher than the standard. Health risk index for chromium contamination in all vegetables was less than 1 for both adults and children which cause no risk to the local population. Among all vegetables tested, the highest intake value of chromium was from consumption of radish for both adults and children. The lower values of health risk index indicated chromium contamination in the wastewater irrigated vegetables that cause less negative impact on human health.


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