1Department of Environmental Pollution, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
2Department of environmental pollution, Ahvaz branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
3Department of Environmental Engineering, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
The present study investigates the accumulation of vanadium, iron, and nickel in different depths of soil in collection sites of oil sludge, in Masjed Soleyman Oil and Gas Exploitation Company, located in Choob Sorkh Region. To conduct the research, four sampling points have been selected at the mentioned site, with one sampling point chosen outside the site, as the clean area. Soil sampling has been carried out at depths of 50 and 100 cm, using an auger. All samples are measured to evaluate heavy metals, according to the standard method of Inductive Coupled Plasma (ICP) spectroscopy. The parameters of pH, EC, density, and organic compounds have also been measured. Results have shown that EC, TOM, and density of the soil in the collection site of oil sludge were relatively higher than the reference site. In addition, statistical analysis has shown that electrical conductivity and organic compounds were influenced by the discharge of oil sludge. The mean concentrations of Ni, V, and Fe in both depths (50 cm and 100 cm) of the four studied plots were 68.8 mg/kg, 46.3 mg/kg, and 53565 mg/kg, respectively, indicating that Ni concentration is more than the acceptable limits in the soil. Although, the amounts of V (36.3 mg/kg), Ni (62 mg/kg), and Fe (19416 mg/kg) in the reference site were lower than the studied oil sludge accumulation site. Thus the study area is a place for the accumulation of oil sludge, since the high concentration of heavy metals can be attributed to human interference.
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