Assessment of Solid Waste Management Practices in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia

Document Type: Original Research Paper


Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Ethiopia, P.O.Box 5501, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia


Even though solid waste management has become a major public health and environmental concern in urban areas of Ethiopia, only 2% of the population receive solid waste management services. The primary objective of this study is to assess solid waste management practices of Bahir Dar City. The technique of multistage random sampling has been employed to draw 350 households for this study, with both quantitative and qualitative primary data put into good use. Finally, the quantitative data has been analyzed by means of descriptive statistics with the results indicating that 78% of the respondents feel that the current solid waste management service is far below the required level; whereas, 22% of the respondents show satisfaction with the existing waste management service. The municipality has planned to provide solid waste management service for the residents once a week, but the survey results demonstrate that only 29% of the sample households received solid waste management services weekly, indicating that the performance of solid waste management service is low. Among 350 households, a sum of 66.6% practice illegal solid waste disposal with the remaining 33.4% waiting until solid waste collectors come to the area to take the waste away. Therefore, participation of urban households, micro and small enterprises, and governmental and non-governmental organizations plays a great role to upgrade the existing low status of solid waste management services.


Abdullah, B. (2009). Global Urbanization: Trends, Patterns, Determinants, and Impacts.

Alam, P. and Ahmade, K. (2013). Impact of solid waste on health and the environment. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Green Economics (IJSDGE), 2; 165-168.

Ali, T. M. (2015). Assessment of solid Waste Management system in Khartoum locality. UOFK.

Bartone, C. (2000). Strategies for improving municipal solid waste management  Workshop on planning for sustainable and integrated solid waste management. Workshop on planning for sustainable and integrated solid waste management.

Chinasho, A. (2015). Review on community based municipal solid waste management and its implication for climate change mitigation. American Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research, 6; 41-46.

Christian, R. L., Ephraim, J. C. and Christian, Z. (2014). Financial sustainability in municipal solid waste management – costs and revenues in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia. Waste Management 34 34; 542–552.

Csa (2007). Population and housing census report. Addis Ababa: Central Statistical Agency.

Damtew, Y. T. and Desta, B. N. (2015). Micro and small enterprises in solid waste management: experience of selected cities and towns in Ethiopia: a review. Pollution, 1; 461-427.

Dimitre, G. (2011). The Changing Dynamics of Urbanization in Developing Countries.

Ejaz, N., Akhtar, N., Hashmi, H. and Naeem, U. A. (2010). Environmental impacts of improper solid waste management in developing countries: A case study of Rawalpindi city. The sustainable world; 379-388.

Fenta, B. A. (2017). Waste management in the case of Bahir Dar City near Lake Tana shore in Northwestern Ethiopia: A review. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 11; 393-412.

Fikreyesus, D. (2011). Ethiopia Solid Waste & Landfill. Country Profile and Action Plan: Community Development Research.

Giusti, L. (2009). A review of waste management practices and their impact on human health. Waste management, 29; 2227-2239.

Henry, R. K., Yongsheng, Z. and Jun, D. (2006). Municipal solid waste management challenges in developing countries–Kenyan case study. Waste management, 26; 92-100.

Kassa, Z. (2010). The Challenges of Solid Waste Management in Urban Areas, the Case of Debremarkos Town. Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.

Kassie, K. E. (2016). The problem of solid waste management and people awareness on appropriate solid waste disposal in Bahir Dar City: Amhara region, Ethiopia. ISABB Journal of Health and Environmental Sciences, 3; 1-8.

Medina, M. (2002). Globalization, development, and municipal solid waste management in third world cities. Institute of Advance Studies, Mexico; 1-23.

Mekete, D., Atikilt, A. and Hana, T. (2009). Solid Waste Management in Bahir Dar City. School of Civil and Water Resources Engineering, Bahir Dar University.

Memon, M. A. (2010). Integrated solid waste management based on the 3R approach. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 12; 30-40.

Monavari, S. M., Omrani, G. A., Karbassi, A. and Raof, F. F. (2012). The effects of socioeconomic parameters on household solid-waste generation and composition in developing countries (a case study: Ahvaz, Iran). Environmental monitoring and assessment, 184; 1841-1846.

Monyoncho, G. (2013). Solid Waste Management in Urban Areas Kenya: A case study of Lamu town.

Noori, R., Karbassi, A. and Sabahi, M. S. (2010). Evaluation of PCA and Gamma test techniques on ANN operation for weekly solid waste prediction. Journal of Environmental Management, 91; 767-771.

Pradhan, U. M. (2009). Sustainable solid waste management in a mountain ecosystem: Darjeeling, West Bengal, India.

Rezaei, M. R., Abdoli, M. A., Karbassi, A., Baghvand, A. and Khalilzadeh, R. (2010). Bioremediation of TNT contaminated soil by composting with municipal solid wastes. Soil and Sediment Contamination, 19; 504-514.

Sankoh, F. P., Yan, X. and Tran, Q. (2013). Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Waste Disposal in Developing Cities: A Case Study of Granville Brook Dumpsite, Freetown, Sierra Leone. Journal of Environmental Protection, 4; 665-670.

Seadon, J. (2006). Integrated waste management–Looking beyond the solid waste horizon. Waste management, 26; 1327-1336.

Solomon, C. (2011). Assessment of municipal solid waste management service in Dessie Town.

Thanh, N. P., Matsui, Y. and Fujiwara, T. (2011). Assessment of plastic waste generation and its potential recycling of household solid waste in Can Tho City, Vietnam. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 175; 23-35.

Unep (2010a). Assessment of the Solid Waste Management System in Bahir Dar Town and the Gaps identified for the Development of an ISWM Plan. Forum for Environment, June 2010.

Unep (2010b). Solid waste characterization and quantification of Bahir Dar city for the development of ISWM plan.

Xiao, Y., Bai, X., Ouyang, Z., Zheng, H. and Xing, F. (2007). The composition, trend and impact of urban solid waste in Beijing. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 135; 21-30.

Zerbock, O. (2003). Urban solid waste management: Waste reduction in developing nations. Written for the Requirements of CE, 5993.