Introduction and Application of New GIS_AQI Model: Integrated Pollution Control in Tehran

Document Type: Original Research Paper

Authors

School of Environmental Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, P.O.Box 14155-6135,Tehran, Iran

Abstract

The city of Tehran undergoes an increasing growth in population as well as industrial activities, both of which increase the concentration of air pollutants. The current research tries to turn a limited and focused system of air contamination measurement and control to an unlimited and extensive one that examines the concentration of each of the contaminants in any area of Tehran. Accordingly, information from twenty air-pollution measurement stations at certain points of the city helps measuring the concentrations of contaminants like SO2, NO2, CO, O3, PM2.5, and PM10 throughout a year on a daily basis. The index of AQI has also been used as the air quality index to determine the level of pollution in the city. Using ARC-GIS software, the AQI or the air quality index has been zoned and a comprehensive map, designed. Moreover, in order to illustrate this map, a map of the zoning has been drawn up for this purpose on December, 26, 2016, considered an unhealthy day in Tehran, the results of which show that only 27.8% of the city is unhealthy and the rest of the city does not fall in unhealthy area. However, due to the lack of a comprehensive map for determining the AQI in different parts of the city, the whole city closes down, leading in an economic loss of about $ 1 million a day for the city.

Keywords


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