Application of Electrostatic Precipitator with Electrode Distance Variation in Reducing Dust Levels in The Manufacturing Industry

Document Type : Original Research Paper


Bandung Health Polytechnic, Environmental Health Department, Cimahi. P.O. Box 40514, Indonesia



A potential hazard is anything that could potentially cause damage, accident, injury, loss, or even death due to the system or work processes. Hazards in the work environment are due to physical, biological, chemical, and psychosocial factors. One of the chemical factors hazards in the work environment that require control is the level of dust in the air environment at work. High levels of dust can cause health problems for workers. These health problems can cause dust allergies, impaired lung function, and other lung function disorders due to the dust that can eventually reduce worker productivity. Out of all industries, the manufacturing industries are usually high in dust content. During the manufacturing process, it is crucial to maintain efforts in controlling risk factors. This research aims to develop a tool that can reduce the air dust level in the industrial environment. Therefore, this study tries to apply an electrostatic precipitator with electrode distance variations to reduce dust levels in the manufacturing industry. The results of this study are the dust content reduction percentage, an electrode distance of 4 cm resulted in 52.3% to 64.9%, electrode distance of 6 cm is 35.5% to 46.7%, while an electrode distance of 8 cm is 16.6% to 26.7%. There is a difference in the electrodes effect of 4 cm, 6 cm, and 8 cm with a decrease in dust levels in the air. The most effective electrode distance in decreasing the air dust level is a 4 cm distance.


Main Subjects

Antao, V. C., & Pinheiro, G. A. (2012). Occupational respiratory diseases in the mining industry. Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine, 18(2), 151-156.
Bisesi, M. S., Seward, S. L., Gaffney, S. H., & Paustenbach, D. J. (2019). Prevention and control of occupational hazards. In Patty’s Industrial Hygiene (6th ed., Vol. 2, pp. 1021-1076). John Wiley & Sons.
Blanc, P. D., & Annesi-Maesano, I. (2015). Biodiversity and respiratory health: mechanisms and perspectives in allergic diseases. Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research, 7(5), 431-437.
Cahyono, T. (2017). Air Sanitation. Yogyakarta: CV. Andi Offset. 
Candra A. (2012). Indoor Pollution is Also Dangerous, Jakarta: EGC.
D’Alessandro, A., Abeti, R., & Bohlin, P. (2013). Wood dust exposure in the furniture industry. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(2), 637-648.
Dirgantari A. (2019). Industrial Sanitation and OSH Internship Report at Chitose International Company. Bandung Health Polytechnic. 
Eisen, E. A., Costello, S., Chevrier, J., Picciotto, S., & Smith, T. J. (2019). Respiratory hazards of industrial dusts. Clinics in Chest Medicine, 40(4), 779-795. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2019.08.011
Gao, J., Liu, Y., Yin, X., & Sun, J. (2016). Effects of the wire-plate electrode spacing on the collection efficiency of fine particulate matter in electrostatic precipitators. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 66(6), 657-663.
Hastono S. P. (2017). Data Analysis in the Health Sector. Depok: FKM-UI. 
Indonesian Minister of Health Regulation No. 70 of 2016, Health Standards and Requirements of the Industrial Work Environment, Jakarta: Ministry of Health.
Kumar, R., & Kumar, P. (2019). Occupational health hazards and preventive measures in industries. In Occupational Health and Safety (pp. 77-96). Springer.
Kothari, R., Kumar, V., & Agrawal, R. (2018). Electrostatic precipitators: A review of their performance and applications. Journal of Environmental Management, 209, 10-23.
Li, X., Zhang, Y., Song, Y., & Zhu, T. (2019). The effect of electrode spacing on the performance of electrostatic precipitator. Journal of Aerosol Science, 129, 1-12.
Mulyati S. (2016). Risk Analysis of Cotton Dust Exposure to Byssinosis in the Textile Industry of PT Grandtex Bandung:  JKLI. Vol 14 No 2. 
Muttaqim L. M, Trimulyono A., & Hadi E. S. (2015). Analysis of ESP on Exhaust for Dust Particles Control of Main Engine Gas Exhaust from Bimasakti Training Vessel, Jurnal Teknik Perkapalan. Vol 3 No 1. 
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. (2018). NIOSH publications and products. Retrieved from
Nguyen, V. T., Nguyen, T. H., Nguyen, T. P., & Tran, T. A. (2021). Review of particulate matter removal from industrial gases by electrostatic precipitation. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 9(4), 105275.
Nel, A. (2005). Air pollution-related illness: Effects of particles. Science, 308(5723), 804-806.
Okta L. (2017). The Correlation of Total Dust Levels and Personal Hygiene with Impaired Lung Function in Wood Processing Workers at CV. Indo Jati Utama Semarang. Jurnal Kesmas. Vol. 5 No 5. 
Perdana A, Djajakusli, R., & Syafar, M. (2009). Risk Factors of Dust Exposure in Lung Physiology of Workers in Production Division of PT. Semen Tonasa Pangkep. MKMI; 2012. Vol 6 No 3 pp 160-167. 
Ramdan I. (2013). Industrial Hygiene. Yogyakarta: Bimotry. 
Rosenman, K. D., Reilly, M. J., Kalinowski, D., & Gardiner, J. C. (2018). Pneumoconiosis and advanced occupational lung disease among surface coal miners—16 states, 2010–2011. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 67(11), 311.
Saeed, K., Sultan, M., Malik, A., Arif, M., & Qayyum, A. (2017). Effect of electrode spacing on PM2.5 removal efficiency of a wire-plate electrostatic precipitator. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24(17), 14759-14767.
Salami I. (2016). Occupational Health and Safety, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press. 
Sharma, P. K., Ali, M., & Jain, P. (2017). Electrostatic precipitator: Problems and solutions. International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science, 5(2), 5-9.
Sudiro, M., Hidayat, R., Setiawan, A., & Sulistiyono, H. (2018). The effect of distance between electrode on the efficiency of electrostatic precipitator for PM10 reduction. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 209(1), 012030.
Sugiyono. (2017). Research Methods Quantitative, Qualitative and R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta. 
United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2018). Volatile organic compounds’ impact on indoor air quality. Retrieved from
Wichaksana. (2012). Occupational Diseases in Hospitals and Their Prevention. Jakarta: Cermin Dunia Kedokteran.
World Health Organization. (2010). Environmental health in emergencies and disasters: A practical guide. 
World Health Organization, International for Research on Cancer. (1992). IARC Monographs on Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Wood Dust and Formaldehydes. WHO.